Before I begin, I must address that the Raspberry Pi is by far the better device in educational setting similar to the one in Benin. That being said, both devices have their pros and cons depending on what you hope to accomplish with your little computer.
So, what makes them different?
In a short and sweet explanation:
The Raspberry Pi is a full blown computer with it’s own operating system (A modified version of linux) which allows you to browse the web, manage files, and program without needing a separate computer to do the job.
As for the arduino, you need to have a real computer on hand, as the arduino needs a real computer to program it and tell it what to do. Once the arduino is programmed, you can use a really small chip that does exactly what you want it to do, and can be handy if you want to keep things extra small.
What are their pros and cons?
The Raspberry Pi is 40x faster than the arduino, and if that wasn’t good enough, the Raspberry Pi also has 128,000 times more memory than the arduino. It is capable of functioning as a personal PC. In short: It works WAY better with software.
However, Raspberry Pi is harder to work with when it comes to hardware. It has a limit to the number of accessories it can use, and has a few hoops you gotta jump through in order to do something like blink an LED.
The arduino is slow. The arduino can’t be used as a personal PC. The arduino can’t multitask or use several USB ports.
However, the arduino still has a few good things going for it. It has a very VERY wide range of sensors and chips, and it’s pure simplicity makes it better for pure hardware projects.
For something like education and programming without the need for in depth technical topics, the Raspberry Pi dominates the playing field, and is definitely the right choice for this charity,
But if you’re the type of person who likes to build hardware/circuits that work for them, then maybe the arduino is the right choice for you.
All in all, if you really enjoy working with computers, it might not be a bad idea to pick them both up when you have the chance.
Thanks for reading, and feel free to leave your opinions in the comments section!